According to Lyudmila Byurabekova, Chairwoman at the Health Ministry’s Committee on Goods and Services Quality and Safety Control, thanks to the Committee’s duty to monitor food and non-food products, 19.6% of 32 thousand food products failed to meet the technical requirements, leading to 1000 instructions and fines for 38 million tenge. 29 tons of hazardous food products worth 16 million tenge were withdrawn.
She went on to touch on the epidemic situation within the country.
There has been no severely dangerous disease during the first six months of the present year. The decrease in the rates of 32 infectious diseases over the previous year has been observed, thus the incidence of infection with viral hepatitis-A fell by 2.5 times, mumps by 2.6 times, meningococcal diseases by 49.4% and salmonellosis by 26.5%.
Given the growing rates of measles worldwide, the measures are in place, according to the chairwoman.
“Over 9 measles have by far recorded across the country, with the children without vaccination affecting most,” she said.
Additional measures are ongoing to vaccinate adults aged between 20 and 29, targeting over 2 million people nationwide.
According to Lyudmila Byurabekova, the Committee conducts preventive control, specific control, and unscheduled inspections.
“Preventive control was carried out in 267 facilities, providing health services, and violations were found in 230 of them, 225 instructions were given,” she said.
Over 1000 unscheduled inspections have been undertaken leading to fines for 6.6 million tenge.
Poor record-keeping, a breach of the diagnostic and treatment procedures and duration of hospital days and dispensary observation failures among the patients with diabetes, hemophilia, and arterial hypertension are among the main violations in the sphere of health services.
As for the sanitary and epidemic welfare, over 20 thousand inspections were held in a specific order. 16 600 violations were revealed, and fines for 753 million tenge were imposed.
8 000 unscheduled inspections have been carried out leading to fines for 150 million tenge levied against 2 485 facilities.
The common violations included expired shelf life, no medical examinations, selling end-of-life products and the undesirable sanitary and hygienic state of kitchens.
The Committee is a provider of 26 public services, with 19 fully automated and 9 services can be received either in an electronic or paper format, while work is underway to automate them.
Work has been completed to optimize the issuing dates of permits. Thus, qualification categories can be granted to the specialists in the sanitary and epidemic welfare - from 22 days to 5 days, the period of issuing sanitary and epidemic project conclusions has been reduced from 15 days to 10 days.
The list of laboratory and instrumental investigations necessary to get a sanitary and epidemic conclusion for facilities has been amended and reduced from 15 to 10 working days.
Also, the period of issuing conclusions for single-entry of registered and non-registered medicines and medical products has been narrowed to 3 days. Issuing operation licenses in pharmacy has been fully running in an electronic format as well as operation licenses in the traffic in narcotic drugs, reducing to 12 days.
The Committee has also worked on improving the legislation, especially regarding the circulation of medicines and medical products.
Limit prices for retail and wholesale of 4 000 names of medicines have been worked out, limit prices for other 1500 names will be added by late August.
The Eurasian Economic Union’s 45 technical regulations are being applied, according to Dana Kaskatayeva, an administrative head of the Health Ministry’s Committee on Goods and Services Quality and Safety Control.
“The Committee makes sure that 20 technical regulations are met,” she said.
Of these 20 technical regulations, 11 are food and 6 are non-food safety regulations.
According to her, it is imported products that mostly fail to meet the technical regulations, accounting for 66% of the total violations. Among the requirements commonly failed to be met are labeling (74%), safety measures (12%), physical and chemical requirements (9.5%).
“The Committee sampled over 1500 toys coming from foreign countries and a major part of these toys did not meet the safety requirements, containing poisonous substances – phenol, formaldehyde and so on,” she stated.
Of the toys failing to meet the requirements, 73% were imported from China and 26% from Turkey.
Established in this April, the Committee on Goods and Services Quality and Safety Control under the Kazakh Health Ministry has 22 offices in its central apparatus, 18 territorial departments, including 17 departments across the regions and 1 department on transport, with 4 000 active members. Its subordinates include the National Expertise Center and the National Expertise and Medicine and Medical Products Center, where the number of workers is 7000.
The National Expertise Center has at disposal 16 offices and 183 municipal and regional departments. Each month over 7 thousand National Expertise Center workers take 7.2 million samples of food and non-food products as well as the atmosphere in an effort to steer clear of the use of bad quality products and outbreaks of infectious diseases, whereas the National Expertise and Medicine and Medical Products Center evaluates the safety and quality of medicines and medical items as well as registers or re-registers medicines and medical items.
Author: Adlet Seilkhanov